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Introduction to hard wood export from Nigeria December 20, 2014

Posted by taiwojimoh in information marketing.
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Wood is the hard, tough trunk of trees that are used for fuel and construction purposes by humans since creation.
They are divided into ( 2 ),hard wood and soft wood ,however, the softness or hardness does not have any relation with the soft or hard nature of the tree.
Hard wood are from broad leaved trees ,have long continuous ducts leading through the trunk, while soft woods are from coniferous trees, they have no ducts, but have fluid which is transferred from cell to cell and contain considerable amount of resin with their ducts running parallel to the grain.
Hardwoods are the ones used for furniture and high grade flooring including decking.
Nigeria is one of the countries in the world blessed with wood in abundance and it was and is still a foreign exchange earner for the country.
Out of 92.4 million hectares of land Area, 31.3m of hectares are covered with wood, and out of 490 utilizable tree species only 100 are being utilized .
Woods are found in the southern rainforest and southern middle belt of the country.
The types of woods found in Nigeria are –Mahogany, Iroko, White or Red Apa, Digbo, Cedar, Omo, Eki, others are Afara, Mansonia, Abura and Obeche,

USES OF WOOD
Wood is being used for various purposes such as for fuel, construction, paper, furniture, burnt to produce charcoal etc.
-Wood is a very durable substance and can last for hundreds ,if not, thousands of years and this explain why it is used extensively in building homes, bridged, deck slabs etc.
-Wood is a very strong substance with so much stiffness, density and humans so much rely on its long term usage at home, office, factories, schools etc.
-Wood has appealing appearance and very attractive and that is why it is the major choice of furniture makers.
-Wood contains some chemical constituents such as tannins, gums, resins, cellulose used in the chemical industry before the discovery of synthetic alternatives.
-Wood can be converted to liquid fuels through the process of hydrogenation.
-Wood, using destructive distillation, can produce such chemicals as Acetic Acid, Methyl Alcohol and acetone which are all used in the paint industry.
-Wood is also used to make electric poles, cable poles, and pallets in crates using factories, as culverts to cover drainage and for making bridges.

TREATMENTS OF WOOD
The treatment of wood before usage is called SEASONING, this because wood contains about one-third to 50% of water and so must be seasoned before application. It is done through drying in the sun or Air drying and in Kiln drying, while Air drying could take several months, kiln -drying takes days.
There are good reasons why this must be done, seasoned wood is lighter and easy to transport over long distance, it is prevent the decaying of the wood and finally increase its heating value.
Wood is also treated with Zinc Chloride, other chemicals and copper compounds to prevent fungi and insects attacks .
It can also be protected from harsh weather conditions by surface coatings, spraying, brushing, and dipping in chemicals
PACKAGING OF WOOD FOR EXPORT
Nigeria depended on the export proceeds from her Agricultural resources such as Cocoa, Groundnuts, Rubber, Palm Oil, Palm Kernels, and timber (unprocessed wood).
Wood is still an export commodity in Nigeria and she is still earning some foreign currencies from the export of wood.
To export wood to foreign countries such as Europe, some technical requirements are to me met by the exporter.
REQUIREMENTS FOR EXPORT TO EUROPE
-It involves the procurements of hardwood of various sizes from various saw mills in the country.
-Treatment or seasoning of the wood with chemicals to prevent insects and fungi attacks and permit durability.
-Sawing or cutting into required dimensions for export market
-Registration with NEPC- Nigeria Export Promotion Council
-Procurements of export contracts from abroad
-Provision of workshop and workers to treat and package the wood for export specifications.
-The wood must be free from knots and other deformities

For further info on the above  PLS. call 08184932156 or email jtaconsult2012co@yahoo.com

Thank You

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